Gwadar Port is located at the apex of the Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, approximately 460 km (290 mi) west of Karachi, 75 km (47 mi) east of Pakistan’s border with Iran and 380 km (240 mi) km northeast of the nearest point in Oman across the Arabian Sea. It is situated on the eastern bay of a natural hammerhead-shaped Peninsula protruding into the Arabian Sea from the coastline.
Gwadar Port is situated near the strategic Strait of Hormuz and its busy trading and oil shipping lanes. The surrounding region is home to around two-thirds of the world’s oil reserves. It is also the nearest warm-water seaport to the landlocked, but energy rich, Central Asian Republics and landlocked Afghanistan
‘Gwadar: An emerging gateway Port to Central Asia & West China’ is not only the latest account of the ongoing Mega deep-sea Port project at Gwadar in Balochistan but it also thoroughly reviews the potential, scope, political economy and future prospects of this project in separate parts or chapters.
The Gwadar port project is vital for Pakistan, both from security and economic point of view. It is going to be the third deep-sea port in Pakistan after Karachi and Port Qasim. The port comes as a much-needed national requirement in the wake of the rise in cargo traffic at Keamari and Bin Qasim, which are operating at nearly full capacity.
By virtue of its geo-strategic location, Gwadar has the potential to emerge as the mother port in the region. It would be providing opportunities for promotion of global shipping in the region. It will revive trade links between China and Central Asian States providing them nearest approach to the warm waters.
It will attract the shipping companies moving cargo to and from land-locked countries of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. At the same time, the practitioners of dirty geo-politics and the protagonists of power politics in global and regional arena have keen eye on the ongoing developments in Balochistan, which is strategically located in the region of immense geo-political importance.
The development of Gwadar port has received attention of the investors not only in Pakistan but also from all over the world, particularly Central Asia, Afghanistan, China, Japan, Singapore. Now all efforts are accumulating to make viable strategies, programs and policies and efficient decisions to convert Gwadar into a comprehensive and competitive project.